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Kashan Historical Bazar

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Published On : friday 15 December 1393

Name of the building: Kashan Historical Bazar
Registration No: 1284 dated 30 Aug 1976

Historical record
The bazar was formed as an economic-social institution in the Sassanid period. It is a place of assembly for trade in this commercial and productive city of the country. The primary assemblies were formed in the busy places of old cities, usually the main city gates.The market expanded into the city through the gates and now stretch along the main streets to the city center. The formation of the bazar and its development process depend on the city's main function, the rate of economic growth, and its population which result in dynamic interaction and evolution of the bazar.
The bazar of the city of Kashan has been developed and expanded as an example of Islamic market through history. Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, who visited Iran in the Safavid era during the reign of Shah Abbas, mentioned: "The bazaar of Kashan is unique in the whole world, and its length is two thousand steps. The bazars of Kashan are very beautiful, with well-covered arch roofs and large and comfortable caravansaries."
The primary bazar of the city, which is known as the Panakhl nowadays, was formed in the southern side of the city center and expanded along the main street of the city next to a religious shrine in the seventh century.
In this period, the commercial corridor of the country, passing the Greater Khorasan, Rey, Baghdad, crossed a major and important route that linked the desert margins (Dasht Ghassan) to Isfahan, Yazd, and Kerman through Rey and Qom. It has greatly contributed to the development of the city. Thus, an important and populated cross-city route is formed. By the end of the 9th century, the plan of the city was shaped upon the perpendicular routes and gates from the north (Qom), the south (Isfahan), the west (Fin) and East (Gate of Suq). The Suq gateway and the main bazar were located on the east-west axis of the city and extended to the east.
Seljuk Era
During the rule of Seljuk dynasty, the capital was transferred to Isfahan, and the political administration was increased in the central region of Iran.The trade corridors of the region grew and caravans transit through the Silk Road and other major economic routes of Kashan reached Khorasan through the desert.
During this period, towers and the physical shape of the city were formed. The eastern gateway (Suq) was very important in terms of economic-commercial activities. Specifically the North-South and East-West axes intersection has maintained the credibility of a single urban commercial hub since the early stages of expansion of the city. From this time onwards, the local bazar has been developed into a complex and integrated commercial center with evolving submarkets.
The bazar reaches the new square (Feyz Sq.) on the east side, and in the late 14thcentury the city's main mosque (Miremad Mosque) was built in the new square with an approximate distance of one kilometer from the old mosque which caused the development of the city.
Safavid Era
In the Safavid era, the city and the bazaar developed in this eastern axis up to the Dowlat gates because of the proximity of Kashan to Isfahan as the capital and the particular political and economic conditions of that period.
The Mianchal market hall is made of several crossing malls, a mosque, and a school which has been formed and expanded along with several other submarkets since the Seljuk era. By adding an underground water reservoir, a mosque and other market facilities, it was developed in to the Qeysarie Bazaar during the Safavid era which has been explained in various travelogues of foreigners.
The Qajar era and the bazaar restoration
After the general collapse of the bazaar by the earthquake, it was rebuilt and restored in the Qajar era and afterward to its current situation. It was expanded in the boundary of the old city and authentic buildings and markets were connected to the main hall to shape the present form. Modern urbanization and streets have caused minor damages to the old buildings which is not serious.
Current market situation
The city bazaar begins at the Dowlat gate in the eastern part of the city and reaches the Panakhl passage way in the west. Along the Dowlat gate and on the western side of the Abazar Street is the coppersmith bazaar which reaches the Miremad Mosque and the Feyz Square.
After the Miremad Mosque, the main market hall (also known as the Gand Bazaar or the Upper Bazaar) hosts various types of shops in a network of crossing ways and alleys. The entrance of the Upper Bazaar to the Mianchal market hall was a busy place during the Safavid period and was called the Qeysarie Bazaar.
Passing the Mianchal market hall, it extends to the south where it is known as DarbZanjir shrine (lit. the chained door) which is the name of a holy place. It is exactly in line with the north-south trade corridor, which extends into alleys up to the outer boundaries of the market. Passing the coppersmiths Bazaar, the new market begins next to Shah Yalan shrine and reaches Baba Afzal St. where the market is divided from its western wing known as the Panakhl bazaar.

Main market halls:
1- Coppersmith market
2- Goldsmith market
3. The new market
4. Panakhlmarket
5- Shoemakers market
6. The Great market
7- Mianchalmarket

Valuable monuments in the market:
1- Mir Panj caravanserai
2. Charcoal caravanserai
3. House of people of Qom
4- House of people of Naragh
5. Underground water storages
6- Chargoosh (four sided) caravanserai
7- Ghaffarpour'scaravanserai
8. New caravanserai
9-The Zarkeshcaravanserai
10. The Malekcaravanserai
11- Amin al-Dawlahcaravanserai
12. Bakhshicaravanserai
13 - Aghacaravanserai
14. Sabaghcaravanserai
15. Barghicaravanserai
16. Borujerdicaravanserai
Underground water storages:
1. The New water storage
2. Sabagh water storage
3. The Upper market water storage
4. Panakhl water storage
5. DarbZanjirwater storage
6. Sultani school water storage
7- Mianchalwater storage
8- Miremadwater storage

1- Khan Bath
2. New bath
3. Fayz Sq. bath

Religious Sites and Places
1- Sultani(Imam) school Mosque
2- Miremad Mosque
3- Tabrizi Mosque
4- Mianchal Mosque and School
5- Shoemakers Mosque
6. Mullah Hamza Mosque
7. New Mosque
8- Abdulbaghi Mosque
9. TomghachihaMosque
10. Robat Mosque
11. The dealers' Mosque
12-Panakhl holy courtyard
13. Shah Yalln Shrine
14. DarbZanjir Shrine
15. Panakhl Shrine


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By : Cultural Heritage Office

Source : Cultural Heritage Office