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Published On : saturday 28 April 1393
Barzok city with an area of about 200 hectares is located in the southwest of Kashan city and on the slopes of the Karas Mountains; 45 km from Kashan city, 60 km from the city of Meimeh and distance toDelijan is 55 km. This city is located on the freeway of Tehran - Isfahan and Qom - Kashan highway. Its height from the sea level is from 1600 to 3588 meters and an average of 2025 meters. Due to its mountainous location, it has temperate climates in summer and cold weather in winter.
The rainfall level is 200 mm in low altitude points and reaches 400 mm at high points. The highest temperature in the summer is 35 degrees, and the lowest in the winter reaches 20 degrees below zero. The main direction of wind is from north to south. The city has natural and pristine landscape and beautifulperspectives, such as springs, numerous waterfalls,and theriver that goes through the city and waters the plants and the field which has created many tourist attractions and spectacular landscapes in the area.
The city has monuments and natural attractions such as: the tomb of the holy shrine of Sirajuddin bin Musa bin Ja'far, the holy shrine of Ahmed and Mahmoud in two separate buildings located near the DarbZiaratdistrict, the old cemetery of the city near the tomb of the holy shrine of Sirajuddin bin Musa bin Ja'far, historic hill of castle, bathrooms called the large and small bathrooms which are located in a monolithic building, water mills, historical houses in the old city(such as the historical house of Moosavi, known by the locals as Imams Father House, historical house of Ghaderi which has recently changed into the House of Barzak and the historical house of Ms. Kardan), cisterns (Water Reservoirs), old tree of Mosque and etc.Tourists and visitorsare attracted to the city of Barzak in different seasons of the year, especially the season of flowers and rosewater oil extraction and the related festivals.
The History and Meaning of the Historical House of Ghaderi:
The historical house of Ghaderi has been registered on the list of historical monuments, number 17810, on 2006/03/05. This house was built in the Zandera and in compliance with the traditional architecture of the city. Since its construction up to two years ago, it has residents of Mr. Ghaderi heir, but after the municipality of Barzakbought this building, it was supposed to become the center of research and study aboutBarzak. But after reviewing, Ghaderi historical house was restored and turned into the Museum of Anthropology in Barzakthrough a participatory project. The Museum of Anthropology of Barzak was opened at the historical site of Ghaderi with the participation of the municipality of Barzak and the Cultural Heritage Office in the summer of 2008.
Ghaderi Historical House Spaces:
GhaderiHousehas two floors with a long, narrow yard and a gentle slope from north to south. Three rooms and a kitchen are in the ground floor of this historical building. The intermediate room has access to the courtyard through a number of steps, and on both sides there are two other rooms. The adjoining rooms with a door and window overlook the courtyard. On the east side of the courtyard there is a room which seems to have been added to the building later on. On the south side are stable and hay storage rooms that are covered with an arched roof. A porch and two rooms are on the first floor, and on the northwest side of the building, there is an access way with a steep slope connected to the street. The entrance doors of all rooms are wooden, and the roof is covered with wooden rafters and mat, which is consistent with the local architecture of the city in the past (fitted with old texture and the use of traditional materials).
Museum of Anthropology:
Barzak Museum of Anthropology was established in the historical house of Ghaderi with the participation of the municipality of Barzak and the Cultural Heritage Office of Kashan in 2008. The facade and the shape of its interior spaces, as well as other old buildings of the city of Barzak, are influenced by the climatic conditions and cultural structure of the region.
Entrance, office and museum Exhibition:
After passing through the narrow alley, we reach the main entrance of the museum. The museum has two floors. Going through the main door of the museum, we reach the courtyard, on the left side of that is the security room, the office and ticket sales of the museum, and at the end of the museumis the storage. On the right side of the yard and across from the security check are the museum's displaying spaces and exhibition.
The exhibition area of the museum on the ground floor has three spaces: a middle space and two rooms on both sides of it. It should be noted that all the walls of the middle space have a shelf that the designers used as showcase. The middle space is dedicated to display weighing and cooking products. In order to reflect the atmosphere of the kitchen, a furnace with a mannequin has been created. In addition to the above objects, there are a number of agricultural tools and several wooden inscriptions and inlaid doors are displayed.
The right room of the middle space is intended for the display space, the type of interior layout, and the way of familylife in Barzak to the visitors. In this room, the structure of Korsi (a low table found in Iran) and its arrangement in the room with a mannequin is provided. Dishes and other day life tools are displayed in the shelves of this room.
The left room is intended to introduce traditional industries and crafts in the city of Barzakto the visitors. In this room a variety of agricultural, horticultural, spinning (textile) tools are displayed. In addition to that there are a number of wooden inscriptions inside the showcases of this space.
At the end of the yard there is a staircase that provides access to the first floor. After the staircase, we enter an open space that has a shelf on the surrounding wall. Four-stepsconnectthe open space to the first floor and the terrace. The first floor terrace provides a beautiful view of the city of Barzak to the visitors. There are two rooms on the sides of the terrace; the Northern Front room is considered as a class of handicrafts (carpet weaving). Inside the showcases of this room, they have exhibited samples of clothing types in the region of Barzak. There are a number of prescriptions and handwritten books on the North room. In addition to that there are a number of anthropological objects inside the showroomfor public display.
By : All Rights Reserved By Kashan
Source : All Rights Reserved By Kashan CHT
All Rights Reserved By Kashan CHT