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Introduction of Kashan Districts » Barzak City
Barzak city

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Published On : saturday 28 April 1393

 If you are bored withurban life stress and tired of the noises of machines, or do not have the pleasure of watching the beauty of the city's appearance, here is the address of a place where you can refresh yourself without a ticket. If you want to reside here in the future, it will still be very simple and easy. A region with a perfectly clean atmosphere, crystal water filled with the scent of wild flowers and roses that unconsciously refreshes human being in the spring. At night and sunrise you will find the sweetheart bird songs of nightingales and canaries, the waterfalls, and breathe of the fresh air of spring.
Barzakis a city of green gardens with massive trees and a very unique climate in Kashan.
Barzak's beauties cannot be explained in words and one should observe it to become a lover of its beautiful and unforgettable nature.
The city of Barzakhas a population of 5,000 people in the area of 200 hectares. It is located in the southwest of Kashan in a mountainous region in the Karkas Mountains, 45 km to Kashan, 60 km to Meimeh and 55 km Delijan. It is linked to the Isfahan-Tehran Free Way, and the Kashan-Qom highway.
The history of Barzak dates back to 5000 years ago. Its altitude is from 1600 to 3588 meters (average 2025). The longitude is 30 13 51 and its latitude is 50 46 33. In summer, it has a moderate climate and in winter it has a cold weather. The rainfall level in low altitude points is about 200 mm and in high altitudes points to 400 mmper annum. The highest temperature reaches 20 degrees of centigrade in the summer and the lowest reaches 20 degreesof centigradebelow zero in the winter.

Introducing tourism places
The city of Barzak has 54 prehistoric and natural properties which 10 of them have been registered in the Iranian National Heritage List.

GhalehHistoric Hill
The historical hill of Ghaleh (castle) dates back to the Seljuk period or earlier. The cave discovered in this hill, with instruments such as clay furnaces, pottery, and grinding mortar unveils a great story of living and life in this place.
As you climb to the top of the hill and look at the four sides you will enjoy watching the greenery and cheerfulness of the trees, plains, mountains, and the old houses.
The historical hill of Ghaleh is located in the center of the city.
This place has rocky platforms for sitting and relaxation, chairs and wooden benches, arbor summer houses at the highest point of the hill.The waterfall flows from the center of the summer house and after passing through the ponds itfalls down of the hill into the water reservoir.

DiscoveredCave in the historical hill of Ghaleh
The cave dates back to the Seljuk period, and the municipalityin cooperation with the cultural heritage and tourism organization is trying to register that in the national heritage list.
According to the old sayings, the cave which is in the main settlement of Barzak (hill of Ghaleh) has 3 main routes, one to the mosque, the other to the bath, and the third way to The AshkMountain.The municipality is trying to rebuild the routes which have been blocked by the rock fall.
Potteries, ceiling decoration and small channelsare found in this cave which is notorious.
It is expected that restoration and reopening of this cave to thepublic will developBarzak tourism industry and revitalize other historical and natural landscapes.

Khatooni mill of Barzak
Khatoonimill is located in the southeast of Barzak, in the vicinity of Baghestandistrict and across from the Khatam al-Nubin Mosque. The exact date of construction of the building according to the style and architectureis attributed to the Qajar period.

Khatooni mill architecture
The mill building has two parallel entrances which are located on the southern side. One of them is the entrance to a space that it uses as a storehouse to keep wheat and barley bags. This part of the building is like a balcony. At the bottom of that there is the millstone and other equipment.In the eastern corner of the warehouse there is a 40 cm diameter cavity that the miller uses to transfer wheat or barley to the lower part, i.e., to the place where the wheat and barley are stored, and from this place, the grains are transferred to a millstone through a downpipe.
The other entrance of the building, which has a corrugated door, leads us to the main chamber of the building, i.e. grains storage and the location of the millstone. In this way, the upper sections can be reached by walking down the steps. The placement of grains storage and millstones are located side by side, but separated by walls. In the bottom part of the pouring space, there are 30 cm cavities to transfer the cereals through a hollow-shaped wood with a length of 150 cm into the upper hole of mill stone. In the front of the grinding mills, there is a rectangular shape to collect the flour. The other part is the mill pond. The mill pond is a conical shape with a 150 centimeters diameter in the upper ring and 100 centimeters in the lower ring and depth of 8 meters which is located in the eastern side of the building. The water of Barzak qanat flows through acanal to the reservoir. It is led by a hole-like funnel to the blades of the wheel and the mill stone will start to go round. The beam roof of the mill is made of rock, brick, and adobe.
It should be noted that, despite the use of advanced machinery for grinding nowadays, some of the inhabitants of Barzak and the neighboring villagesstill use the mill to grind wheat and barley.
Considering the location of the mill in the city of Barzak, it has an easy access and due to its operational condition it is considered as one of the tourist attractions in the region.

Ahmadabad Spring
This spring is located in the northeast of Barzak, in the vicinity of the Barzak Seasonal River. It has several water fountains and the dam wall is locatedabove it which has been filled up with sediment for years. There is a spectacular perspective of willow and tamarixtrees grown in the dam basin. This promenade, located a hundred meters from the main street, attracts many tourists every year. Due to the mountainous area in the southeastern part of the place visitors are also attracted to use the natural resorts of the region.

Saadabad Tourist Route
This road is one of the most beautiful natural roads in the city of Kashan. The tourist road of Saadabad starts from the city center and continues along the main river of the city with a length of 4 km and located in the northeastern part of the city. Passing through the promenades, mountains, waterfalls and the rapid waters it ends in the main road of Kashan-Barzak. Springs alongside the road with the greenery of the surrounding area, has created a beautiful and inexpressible place.
The natural promenades are the resort and resting place for travelers.

Saadabad water mill
On the Saadabad road, there is a 200-year-old mill, built with materials such as adobe, clay, and woven straw ceiling. The mill has a pond that is filled with water from theupperpart and the water pressure moves the 500 kilograms mill stone to crush and grind wheat.
This mill and the neighboring places have been visited by many tourists.
This property was registered 16218on 15 Nov 2006 in the Iranian National Heritage List.

Baths of the Safavid period
Another cultural heritage in the city of Barzak is a bath which has been built in the Safavid period.
This ancient monument was built by Seyed Hassan Kashani and stone blocks are used in the construction of the bathroom and the pillars.
The stability and strength of this building has resisted the devastating flood of 1956 of Barzak.
This work was registered 16213 on 15 Nov 2006 in the Iranian National Heritage List.

SirajdinIbn Musa ibnJafarShrine
Sirajdinibn Musa ibnJafarshrine is 500 years old and dates back to the Safavid era. Construction of the main building of this place was carried out by the architects of that time. The building of this shrine, which is the largest one in this city, is comprised of two parts.The main part is the chamberof the tomb, which is an 8-sided structure with the shrine in its center and a decorated dome. The outer space is the cemetery of the city full of with ancient tombstones.
This property has been registered 16197in the Iranian National Heritage List on 13 Nov 2006.

Ahmad and Mahmoud Shrine
These two shrines are also known as ChelDokhtaroonVa Haj Avaz (40 girls and Haj Avaz). According to the religious leaders they are descendants of Imam Sajjad and their names are Mahmoud and Ahmad.
This shrine is located in the southeast of the city in the residential area and the Mossalla district.
The buildings of these two shrines are across from each other. Each of these graves has an old wooden shrine and inscriptions of Quran versesdated 1701 whichis certainly not the dates of these shrines, but the date of making it. The building dates back to 800 years ago.

Barzak Museum of Anthropology
The first participatory museum of the province was founded in a house attributed to the Zandiehera.
Barzak Museum of Anthropology is built in two floors with a long, narrow yard and a gentle slope from north to south. Construction of this building in the old city is one of the significant characteristics of this monument.
In addition to visiting the ancient buildings, tourists have the chance to see the old weaving machines of carpet, tent, rug, the wooden doors of the mosque, and 450 more works of the past ages.
This property was registered 17810 on 3 Mar 2007 in the Iranian National Heritage List.

Sardal Cistern (Underground water storage)
This water storage has been built some decades ago in traditional style.
This water storage has been constructed in a small area in ShahidRajaeedistrict. The entrance and the hallways are arch roofed. The dome and the ceiling above the water storage are brick made.
This historical monument has been registered 16205on 15 November 2006 in the Iranian National Heritage List.

Cardan and Mousavi Houses
KardanHistorical House was built in the Zand era and is one of the oldest historical buildings in the city of Barzak. Its architect who has been known as the great architect of the age was Karbala'iAbdollahAzimi.
The house which is located in the old part of the city has been in the possession of Kardan family since its construction and has been known as The Kardan House in Barzak since then.
The house was registered 16314 on 15 November 2006 in the Iranian National Heritage List.
Mousavi Historical House, located in the vicinity of Kardan House, is one of the oldest historical buildings in the citywhich dates back to the Zand era. Its architecture is in compliance with the traditional local architecture. It was belonged to the Mousavi family and the building is called after their name, yet it is called The House of Imam by the local people.
This historical monument has been registered 16309 on 15 November 2006 in the Iranian National Heritage List.

Old City of Barzak
The old cityofBarzak, located in the Mossala district, is so charming that when the tourists are walking in this place they feel relaxed and detached from the urban life stresses. The buildings' material is mostly clay and adobe with wooden beams for the roofs which are constructed in tight alley ways. They are also renowned as friendship alleys.
This place which has been made in the form of stepped village on the hillside of Ghaleh historical hill has a very interesting landscape.
The alleys width is 1 meterand spiral-shaped in between the houses and connect all of them without any dead end way.

Four seasons of Barzak
Barzak is one of the few beautiful cities that you can experience the four seasons.
Spring is the season of flowers and greenery of the land. In spring, the hillside of the Karkas Mountains is charming for every visitor. The greenery of the land and the blossomed trees combined with the song of the tuneful birds provokes every visitor to stay a couple of hours over a day and refine the soul and the body. As you cross the spring-flowered trees you feel the breath of paradise. The spring season in Barzak beginswithNowruz, when the white snow is replaced by the red and white spring blossoms, and the ground welcome the visitors with tulip flowers. The people of this city are happy by the end of May that the rose flowers beautifully decoratethe land and the gardens of the city. In June the rose oil extraction festivals are opened which attract more and more visitors to the region. They have the chance to visit the rose-filled plains and gardens.

Summer, season ofcolorful fruits
The summer is a season of greenery and cheerfulness and at the same time and a season of hard work, effort, and resting bythe garden trees and plains. There are a variety of fruits as blackberry, plum, walnuts and almonds, apricots, apples and pears. Barzak has a moderate and pleasing climate in summer time and hosting travelers of desert to calm and relax by the shade of trees, hear the sound of the rushing waterfalls of this city, drink the fresh water of springs, and always hear the voices of the hospitable people of this city who believe that Barzak is the host of nature lovers.

Autumn, the season of painted nature
Autumn is the harvesting season for the farmers and the migration season for the birds.In autumn,the streets are covered with colored leaves of treeswhich are flying over the head of the passengers.Itis beautiful when you walk in this gardens and hear the scratching sound of leaves under your steps. Suddenly, you look at the mountains of Barzak and see the snow covered summits which tell us about the coming winter.

The winter is always white
The people of Barzak, like all Iranians, celebrate the first night of the winter,Yalda, till the sun rise and often see the Lord's gift in this night, the snow,
The winter is always full of snow, which tempted the authorities to prepare skiing facilities for the touristsalongside the desert city of Kashan. There are mountain towns likeBarzakthat has four beautiful seasons with the fresh air and water to attract tourists all over the year.

Rose oil extraction
With more than 80 percent share of flowering and rose oil production in the province, it has the largest number of flower gardens and 10 industrial factories which has made it the largest producer of flowers and rose oil. There have been attempts also to supply the national and foreign demand of rose oil extractions.

Traditional extraction
There are more than 500 traditional workshops that receive domestic and foreign tourists during the rose season.

Industrial extraction
Barzakcity is the largest producer of flowers and rose extractions with 10 industrial factories for producing rose and herbal oilwhichreceives domestic and foreign tourists throughout the year.

The Barzak region is one of the most important parts of Iran for its old handicrafts, ancient history and rich culture.
In Barzak region, a variety of handicrafts are made which include: fabrics, canvas, rug, and, carpet weaving,shoe and basket making,ropery, spinning, embroidery, and a variety of handmade garments that are still common in the city of Barzak.The handmade carpets of this city have a good quality and you will hear the sounds of carpet making in every house of the city.

The language and the accent of the people of Barzak
The common language of Barzak represents the story of the first residents of this country, the Aryans. It has common linguistic elements with other Iranian languages as Pahlavi, Avestan, Taleshi, Mazandaran, Tani, Kurdish, Lori, Semnani, Armenian, Zoroastrian, Damghani, and Neyshaburi. It reflects the cultural unity of people who hasdiversity of different cultures. Fortunately, in some parts of the city, citizens are still talking in their common language.

The city of Barzak is producing the best quality of blackberry in the country and has beaten the market for its good taste. Every year and by the arrival of tourists, the blackberry festival is opened.
Considering the high potential of the region in producing rose flowers, the largest mechanized rose garden ofKowsar Barzak with four million square meterswelcomes tourists who love to see the rose garden.

Barzak agricultural products
Due to its location in the Karkas mountain which is the highest geographical point in Kashan, and despite the high altitude and heavy rainfall it has a temperate climate appropriate for the growth of various types of fruit trees. In this city, the agricultural land is planted with different types of trees. That is, you can see almost every type of tree there.
But the four main products of this city include: rose, blackberry,prune, and walnut that absorbmany tourists in summer and autumn. Other types of trees are also planted which include: all kinds of apples, pears, cherries, grapes, spruce, willow, almonds, peaches, pears, white berries, figs, pomegranates, apricot, etc.

Ceremonies and rituals
Since the old ages there have been several rituals and traditions, including: midnight feast in the holy month of Ramadan, the ritual of the day of Ashura, the martyrdom of Imam Ali, the ceremony of Imam Hussein which is registered in the Iranian National Heritage list.

In order to preserve and revive the historical parts of the city, the authorities have decided to establish traditional residences with all amenities in the city, such as:
Avila Residence
Traditional House of Rouhani,

Contact numbers of municipality and related organizations:
Municipality of Barzak: 55672901
Public Relations: 55672902
City Council: 55672924
Cultural Arts Collection: 55672904
Municipality Museum of Anthropology: 55672905

By : All Rights Reserved By Kashan

Source : All Rights Reserved By Kashan CHT