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Ghamsar City

Introduction of Kashan Districts » Ghamsar City
City of Ghamsar

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Published On : saturday 28 April 1393

The garden city of Ghamsar has been glittering like a shining star over the mountains of the central part of Iran through history.
The heights and mountains have made a suitable place for observing the landscape of the urban garden of Ghamsar and due to the great slope of the earth in the region a diversified urbane texture is madeinthe city. The mountains are in the south of Ghamsar and located above the village of Qazaan, next to the Jore plain (a mountain peak called Karkas), at a height of 3588 meters.
In the northern mountains of Ghamsar and at the beginning of the deep valley of Farfahan, Saleh's mineral springs is touristattracting site. Water resources and pleasurable springs, qanats and numerous wells with their constant watercourse under the shade of the trees in the city, is the most important factor in creating such a glamorous area inGhamsar.
Ghamsar is located in mid-latitudes zone and thus the beginning of spring and the growing of nature are coincided in this season. Blossoming flowers andgarden trees makes a dreamy atmosphere and beautiful landscape filled with natural aroma of blossomed flowers. At the heart of the city 100 hectares of flower gardens blossom in early June and burst fragrance in the beautiful environment ofGhamsar.There are rare old trees in the gardens that retell the history and the facts about the region.The plane tree of the Mosque of Ghamsar with 15 meters diameter has survived more than 1000 years and the plane tree of the Khord streethas a charm of its own which is a milestones in the history of Ghamsar. In summer timethis urban garden supplies various types of fruits for the peoplein different tastes which are specific to this region. Some fruitsare specific of this region and cannot be founded in any other place.
The most important cultural and historical attraction sites of Ghamsar are the mosques and the holy shrines. Two of the most significant ones are Imam Hassan Mosque and its altar covered with gypsum work in the Miandeh district. This altar is the oldest monument in the city of Ghamsar, with its stunning and exquisite Ilkhanategypsum work, in which there are two Quraninscriptions in the Kufic script in a very elegant style. This stonecutting which is unique in the region dates back to almost a thousand years ago and has a great artistic and historical value. Furthermore, the historical and architectural significance of the mosque should be counted along with its plane tree.
The tomb of Pirdavood and Pirsoliman in the upper and lower districts of Ghamsar are among the pilgrimage centers. The presence of these shrines dates back to the second century after Islam.

Gabrabad Caravanserai
- Registration number 1095,Registration Date 6 Sep 1975
Gabrabad caravanserai is located 21 kilometer far from the city and in the vicinity of Kashan-Ghamsar highway. It is close to the hillside of the southwestern mountains of Kashan. In the lower part of these mountains which ison the eastern side of the caravanserai, there is a small valley made by the currents of Ghahrood River. The currents of Ghahrood River and Hussein Abad qanat (which is used in the village of Gabrabad) are controlled by two trenches created on the slopes of these heights.
Architectural style of this building represents its construction to be in the Safavid period and the time of Shah Abbas I. The founder and architect of this place wasMirsaber, one of the commanders of Shah Abbas I (Ossly report). Gabrabad Caravanserai has a quadrangular plan with four porches and four rounded towers in its four corners, which have been built in a mountainous area with firm and solid materials. In front of the porches, inside and outside of the building is skillfully stoned up to a height of 1 meter, and due to that they still have their former gloryin spite of the passage of time and all the violent and deliberate destructions. The entrance to the building is located on the northern side and two rooms are constructed on each side. The entrance is decorated with tiled bricks and tiled inscriptions on the three sides of the entrance, but the middle tableau and the marble columns on both sides of the door are stolen. In the upper part of the walls there are windows with three openings for the light. The space is linked to two halls on each side. One of the halls has a small shelf that is carved in the wall. The halls are supposed to be used by the people to stay or as a warehouse for the shopping of businessmen.

Imam Hassan Mosque and its altar
- Registration number 369, Registration date 21 Feb 1949
The mosque is located in the Miandeh district of Ghamsar. It is a small mosque with a very simple architecture made up of beam roof, which is very worthy of itsIlkhanate-style altar.

JanahMosque of Joveinan
- Registration number 11573, Registration Date 14 Mar 2005
Joveinan village is 37 km to Kashan and close to Ghahrood village. This mosque is one of the most prominent places of this village, and regarded as one of the old mosques in the city. It has a small arch roofed hall with thick walls without any decorations.

KalehMosque of Ghahrood
Registration number 2137, Registration date 31 Oct 1998
KalehMosque of Ghahrood is located inMiandeh district of Ghahrood. It has separate entrances for men and women and an arch roofed hall of brick materials. The mosque has a very simple architecture, but it is one of the most valuable historical works in Kashan for its fardate of construction.

Ali Mosque of Ghahrood
- Registration number 4228, Registration date 26 Nov 2001
Ali Mosque of Ghahrood is located in the central part of the of Ghahrood village and is one of the prominent buildings in Kashan.
This mosque dates back to 800 years ago at the time of the Mogul reign over the region. Remains of the entrance tiles of the main chamber, and also the tiles of the altar, belong to the AbayTaherKashani family. The Ali Mosque of Ghahrood was restored and expanded during the Qajar period about 60 years ago. The newly added rooms and places are open to public.

Historical Dam of Ghahrood (Sheikh Baha'i Dam)
- Registration number 1736, RegistrationDate 15 Jun 1996
Ghahrood dam was built during the SafavidShah Abbas I. It was built based on the demand of Kashan residents for water supply of drinking water. Its designing has been attributed to the famous contemporary Islamic scholar Sheikh Baha al-Din Mohammad Ameli during the reign of Shah Abbas I.

Josheghan Tower of Hassan Tarifi
- Registration number 26602, Registration date 21 Apr 2009
The tower is located in the city of Josheghan on a rocky cliff. It had been used for land observation and surveillance purposes which date back to the Qajar period.

Tomb of Mir Aladdin Josheghan Ghali
- Registration number 2704, Date of registration 11 Jun 2000
This building is located in the center of the city of Josheghan and hosts the tomb of the honorable Mir Alaeddinof the Safavid period. It has a wooden shrine and inscriptions over the gravestonewhich dates back to 1528.

Mirza Khan's house and tower in the village of Kamo
- Registration number 6535, Registration date 29 Sep 2009
It is made of a house and a tower. The main part is the 14 meter height tower with decorationsthat dates back to the Safavid and Qajar period.


By : All Rights Reserved By Kashan

Source : All Rights Reserved By Kashan CHT