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Published On : monday 14 March 2017
Sultan Ali Ibn Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (PBUH), the son of Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (PBUH) who is the fifth Shiite Muslims' imam, entered Kashan in 731 AD in order to promote Islam. There are numerous Islamic narrations which approve of Saint Ali’s dignity including the one from Imam Sadeq (PBUH) which reads “ Taking pilgrimage to my brother Saint Ali Ibn Baqir’s mausoleum in Mashhad Ardehal is comparable to taking pilgrimage to Imam Hosein’s mausoleum in Karbala.”
According to the history, in 731 AD, the people of Fin district in Kashan sent e messenger to Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (PBUH) and requested him to send them a religious leader. Imam assigned his son Sultan Ali this mission and sent him to Kashan in Iran. Having arrived in Kashan, he took up residence in Fin district. For 3 years he lived among the lovers of Ahl el Bayt (the prophet of Islam and his household) and was considered a respected spiritual guide. He gradually gained high popularity and this frightened the governor of Ardehal, the summer area where he stayed during the summer. In 733 AD, he and his loyal companions rose against the tyrant ruler of the time and were honorably martyred in a courageous battle. He was beheaded later and his head was sent to the ruthless ruler. At this time, the people of Fin arrived to assist Sultan Ali, but it was too late. They wrapped his holy body in a carpet, washed it in a river nearby and buried it in Mashhad Ardehal.
Since that time, this ritual has been performed every year on the second Friday of Mehr (the first month of fall) in a religious ceremony called Qali Shuyan (washing the carpet). In this ceremony people hold long wood sticks which are probably used either as a tool for washing the carpets or as a sign of revenge.
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